As part of a district-wide initiative, Edmonds Elementary has implementing PositiveBehaviorSupport(PBS) model. Our staff and student body have devoted much time over the last several months to collaborating on the details of our school-wide PBS model, which will be implemented at the start of this school year.
What is Positive Behavior Support?
PBS is a process for creating safer and more effective schools. Instead of using a different behavioral management plan in each classroom and other learning areas, a consistent system of expectations and rewards for all students within a school is implemented in all classroom and non-classroom settings (such as hallways, playground, restrooms). This approach is based on directly teaching students the behaviors we expect to see, reminding them to use those behaviors, acknowledging them when they do, correcting them when they do not, and celebrating their successes. The goal of PBS is to create a positive school culture by reducing problem behavior and providing maximum academic time for students and staff.
Why is it so important to focus on teaching positive social behaviors?
In the past, school-wide discipline has focused mainly on reacting to specific student misbehavior by implementing punishment-based strategies including reprimands, loss of privileges, office referrals and suspensions. Research has shown that the implementation of punishment, especially when it is used inconsistently and in the absence of other positive strategies, is ineffective. Introducing, modeling, and reinforcing positive social behavior are important pieces of a student’s educational experience. Teaching behavioral expectations and rewarding students for following them is a much more positive approach than waiting for misbehavior to occur before responding.
What is PBS at our school?
One important piece of PBS is to create a set of 3-5 school rules that are well-known to all students and staff. Our rules are as follows:
Edmonds Orcas are:
Ready to Learn
The Edmonds Behavior Matrix will be posted throughout the school and your child will be learning our school expectations during his or her first days at school and they will be reinforced regularly throughout the school year.
It is the mission of Edmonds Elementary to nurture each student’s academic, social and emotional development to his/her fullest potential. We need the continued support and involvement of our families to make this a reality. Please take this opportunity to talk to your child about our school rules and the importance of consistently striving to demonstrate these behaviors.
A student remains in the suspension area for a minimum of one half day, to complete schoolwork. There will be no recesses. Lunch will be eaten in the suspension area. Parents will be notified and a conference may be scheduled.
A student is formally suspended for one or more days. Parents are notified and a parent conference will be required before the student may return to school.
Students suspended from school on either an in-school or out-of-school suspension may not attend evening school functions or school-sponsored activities.
The following behaviors cause a substantial disruption to the learning environment and will result in an immediate suspension.The Principal or designee will determine the number of days of suspension.
•Blatant disrespect to adults or peers
•Profanity / obscenity
•Possession of alcohol, drugs, or weapons
•Intentional damage to property
Legislation allows for suspension and punishment of a student who defaces or otherwise injures “property belonging to a school contractor, employee, or another student” not just those damaging school property. A student suspended under this section may not be readmitted until the damage has been paid for in full or the superintendent directs his or her admittance. If the student was suspended for damaging a school bus, the same suspension provisions apply plus the student may not ride any school bus.
Fighting is defined as any kicking, hitting (with hands, body, or objects), pinching, biting, hair pulling, or shoving (into people or objects) that causes physical injury (e.g., scratches, scrapes, welts, bruising, bleeding) to another student. Fighting is not defined as name calling or pushing, but those behaviors are often precursors to a fight. There will be no distinction regarding intent to harm once a student has engaged in a fight.
·Harassment, Intimidation, or Bullying
These behaviors can take many forms including: slurs, rumors, jokes, innuendos, demeaning comments, drawings, cartoons, pranks, gestures, physical attacks, threats, or other written verbal, or physical actions.The act of bullying is repeated negative and intentional actions designed to target and hurt a specific victim.They are defined as an intentional written, verbal, or physical act which:
1)Physically or emotionally harms a student or damages the student’s property; or
2)Has the effect of substantially interfering with a student’s education; or
3)Is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it creates an intimidating or threatening educational environment: or
4)Has the effect of substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school
Student conduct on School Buses
Student conduct shall be maintained on district school buses in order to provide for safe and efficient transport of students. Bus drivers shall have the responsibility and authority to maintain discipline on the school buses and to recommend to the appropriate building Principal when necessary, that disciplinary action be taken. Student misconduct on a school bus may, depending upon seriousness and / or frequency, be sufficient cause to discontinue provision of transportation to a student.
Parents of a student who damages a school bus will be responsible for restitution to the school district.
Rules and regulations for students riding buses
These rules and regulations have been established for the safety of students riding school buses.
Prior to loading
1.Students are to be at their designated bus stop five minutes before pickup time.
2.At the bus stop, while waiting for the bus, students are to stay off the traveled portion of the roadway and respect private property and each other.
3.Students are to cross the street in front of the bus and not behind it.
4.Students will follow the school rules in avoiding physical conflict and respecting parent supervisors.
While on the bus
1.Upon entering the bus, students are to go directly to their seat, sit down facing forward, with their feet out of the aisle, and remain seated during the entire bus ride.Students will follow the directions of the bus driver on where to sit quickly and without arguing.Refusing to let someone sit next to you is not allowed.
2.Students will keep their hands and feet to themselves and off other riders.
3.Students are under the supervision of the bus driver and must obey the driver at all times.
4.Students are to conduct themselves in a manner that will not distract the driver and not disturb other riders on the bus.They will talk in a normal voice and never yell, scream or use inappropriate language.
5.Students are to ride only their regularly assigned bus and leave the bus at their regular stop.To ride another bus or get off at a different stop requires the written permission of a parent or guardian.
6.Students should open bus windows only if the driver gives permission. Hands, head, legs, etc. are to be kept inside the bus at all times. No objects are to be thrown or passed through open windows or doors.
7.Items not allowed on the bus included all forms of animal like (except seeing eye dogs), firearms, weapons, knives, breakable containers, flammables, and all other articles, which could adversely affect the safety of the bus and passengers.
Standards for student conduct on buses shall be the same as standards for student conduct in all other school sponsored activities. Rules will apply for field trips.